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The order Acarina consist of a very large number of species, most of which are very tiny. Mites have no antennae, and their head and thorax are fused into a single region called the cephalothroax. Their mouthparts are grouped together at the front of the body in a sort of “false head” ,known as the capitulum
Most mites are so small that they are barely visible to the naked eye. Some mites have eyes, but many are blind. They all have bristles and hairs on their bodies that they use to sense their environment. Unlike spiders and most other arachnids, the bodies of mites and ticks are not divided into sections. The only other group of arachnids with bodies like this are the harvestmen, but they are much larger and have much longer legs. Most mites are brown, but some groups are partly red or yellow, and some water mites are blue, green, or even purple.
Like all arachnids, most mites have eight legs. On the front of the body they have two sets of mouthparts. The outside set are called palps, and they are similar to the pedipalps in spiders, They look like tiny short legs, and are used for sensing things and grabbing prey. Between the palps are the mouthparts, called “chelicera.” Different groups of mites have different kinds of mouthparts: some are sharp tubes for stabbing and sucking, some are pincers for grabbing and cutting, some are like combs for filtering little particles of food.